目录：全部 知识点 鲁教版（五四学制）（2004） 鲁教版（五四学制）（2012） 牛津上海版（2002） 牛津上海版（2008） 人教版（五四学制）（2006） 人教版（五四学制）（2012） 北师大版（同北京课改版）（2013） 北师大版（2003） 冀教版（2002） 冀教版（2012） 剑桥英语青少版（第二版） 牛津深圳版（广州沈阳通用） 牛津译林版（2002） 牛津译林版（2012） 牛津译林预备版 人教新目标Go For It!（2012） 人教新目标Go For It!（2002） 仁爱版（2012） 外研版（2012） 外研版（2004） 北京课改版（北京出版社）（2007） 教科版（五四学制） 上外版新世纪英语（五四学制） 仁爱版（2003）
Find Which Direction Is South
Do you have a good sense of direction? If not, please take with you a compass. But if you forget to take a compass, you can still find your way.
It's never a wise idea to believe that the family member who was good at the job of map-reading knows where the family is. You can tell by the troubled look on their faces that nothing on the ground seems to match the map. Never mind. The sun is shining and it's still morning. If you don't know the exact time, you can still find out where south is, but you'll need to be patient.
①Find a straight stick and put it in the ground in a place where you can mark its shadow(a dark shape on a surface that is made when something stands between a light and the surface).
②Try to position the stick as vertically(垂直)as you can. You can check this by making a simple plumb line(铅锤线). You haven't got one? OK, use a thread(线) from your clothes with a button(纽扣) tied at the end to act as a weight.
③Mark the end of the shadow cast(投射) by the stick.
④Wait about half an hour and mark the end of the shadow again.
⑤Keep doing this until you have made several marks.
⑥The mark nearest the stick will represent the shortest shadow, which is cast at midday, when the sun is highest in the sky and pointing to the exact south.
⑦Pick a point in the distance along the line between the shortest shadow and the stick.
⑧That point is south of where you are.
⑨Now you can turn the map, like you did before, and find which way you should be travelling.
（1）To find the direction, we have to be patient probably because ___________.
A.it is not easy to find a proper stick
B.it is not easy to position the stick
C.it takes hours to make the marks
D.it takes hours to mark the map
（2）The passage would probably be most helpful to ___________.
A.those who draw maps
B.those who get lost
C.those who make compasses
D.those who do experiments
（3）Which of the following pictures best shows the way of finding the direction of south?
（4）The writer presents this passage by ___________.
A.telling an interesting story
B.describing an activity in a lively way
C.testing an idea by reasoning
D.introducing a practical method
The secret of happiness
An old man walked slowly with a cane(手杖)into the restaurant .His old jacket, worn-out shoes and warm personality made him stand out from the usual crowd.
A young waitress watched him move toward a table by the window. She ran over to him, and said: “Here, sir……let me help you with that chair.”
Without saying a word, he smiled and nodded(点头)a thank you. She pulled the chair away from the table and helped him sit. Then she put his came against the table.
“Thank you, miss.”he said, kindly.
“You're welcome, sir.”she said.
After he had finished his breakfast, the waitress brought him the change(零钱)from his bill. He left it on the table. She helped him up and walked with him to the front door.
When she went to clean his table, she found a business card under his plate and note on a napkin(纸巾). Under the napkin was a 100-dollar bill.
The note on the napkin read: “Dear miss, I respect you very much and I can see you respect yourself, too. It shows by the way you treat others. (3)You have found the secret of happiness. Your kindness will shine through to all those who meet you.”
The man she had waited on was the owner of the restaurant where she worked. This was the first time that she or any of the other workers had ever seen him in person.
By Steve Brunkhorst
（1）The old man left﹩100 under the napkin because he____________
A.had a habit of giving tips to waitresses
B.thought the meal was delicious
C.wanted to thank the waitress for her good attitude
D.learned the secret of happiness from the waitress
（2）What do we know about the waitress and the old man?
A.The waitress knew who the old man was from the note.
B.The waitress knew the old man before she served him.
C.The old man wanted to have the waitress as his secretary.
D.It was the first time that the waitress had ever seen her boss.
（3）We can tell from the story that the old man went to the restaurant to .
A.have a good meal
B.enjoy good service
C.see the restaurant for himself
D.show his love for common people
Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening.
One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one's own.
Then, in the country one can really get away from the noise and hurry of busy working lives. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one's free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has got the reward together with those who have shared the secret of nature.
Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance-halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London. An occasional (偶尔的) walk in one of the parks and a fortnight's (two weeks) visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest of the country they are quite prepared to spend with those who are glad to get away from London every night.
（1）Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A.People who love nature prefer to live outside the city.
B.People who work in London prefer to live in the city.
C.Some people enjoying city life prefer to work and live inside London.
D.Many nature lovers, though working in London, prefer to live outside the city.
（2）One can use the same money for _______ to buy a little house with a garden in the country.
A.getting a small flat with a garden
B.having a small flat with a garden
C.renting a small flat without a garden
D.buying a small flat without a garden
（3）People who think happiness lies in the town would feel that _______ if they had to live outside London.
A.their life was meaningless
B.their life was invaluable
C.they didn't need a happy life
D.they couldn't sleep late in the morning
Mr. White with his wife was now living at a small Italian hotel. Last year they had stayed in Italy for months on holiday. One night he went out for a walk 1 . It was late. The small street was dark and 2 . Suddenly he heard steps behind him. He 3 his head and saw a middle-aged woman with wild hair, who quickly walked past him. The woman was 4 out of sight when Mr. White suddenly found that his watch was 5 . He thought it was the passing woman who had taken his watch, 6 he ran quickly after her and soon caught up with her. As he knew 7 Italian, Mr. White had to ask the woman to 8 the watch in another way. He showed the woman his strong arms and pointed to her watch pocket. The woman thought a while and gave the watch to Mr. White.
Mr. White returned home and told his wife 9 had happened. He was greatly 10 when Mrs. White pointed to the watch on the table. Now he found it was he himself that had taken the Italian's watch.
（1）A.secretly B.lonely C.alone D.freely
（2）A.noisy B.busy C.bright D.quiet
（3）A.rose B.moved C.turned D.put
（4）A.nearly B.hardly C.mostly D.even
（5）A.losing B.going C.missing D.missed
（6）A.and B.so C.as D.but
（7）A.much B.no C.enough D.a little
（8）A.lend B.tell C.return D.keep
（9）A.what B.that C.why D.how
（10）A.angry B.surprised C.interested D.Pleased